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Acceptance-Oriented CBT with Highly Distressed Rheumatic Disease Patients

OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential effectiveness of a multimodal rehabilitation program including an acceptance-oriented cognitive-behavioral therapy for highly distressed patients with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: An observational study employing a one-group pre-post test design (N=25). The primary outcome was psychological distress. Secondary outcomes were quality of life, illness acceptance, and coping flexibility. Group pre-to-post and pre-to-12 months follow-up treatment changes were evaluated by paired-samples t-tests and Cohen's effect sizes (d). Individual…
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Using CBT and Smart Phones for the Self-Management of Chronic Pain

In this age of technology, internet interventions are becoming more common in the practice of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).  Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP) causes patients to live in constant pain, as well as fear of that pain, which can lead to avoidant behavior and depression.  Kristjansdottir et al (2011) hope to develop an intervention program that will help patients with CWP to self-manage their pain.  Using CBT with a focus…
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Group cognitive behavioral therapy for depressive and anxious symptoms in patients with epilepsy

A recent study published in Epilepsy & Behavior examined the effectiveness of a group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) intervention for reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with epilepsy. Previous research has shown that individuals with epilepsy have higher rates of anxiety and depression symptomology than the general population; and while CBT has been shown to be effective in treating these conditions, the authors cite that such interventions are…
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Cognitive Behavior Therapy of Anxiety for Terminal Cancer Patients

Patients suffering from terminal cancer are often plagued by anxiety over disease progression, pain, decreased functioning, and death. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) interventions for anxiety are designed to help clients test the reality and functionality of undue worrying. Geer, Park, Prigerson, and Safren (2010) indicate that excessive anxiety may lead to treatment non-adherence, and further diminish quality of life for these patients. The authors propose tailoring CBT to better serve…
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CBT Relieves Chronic Back Pain

In a recent study, published in the February 26, 2010 issue of The Lancet, 701 patients with chronic back pain were treated with either standard treatment alone or standard treatment supplemented with Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). The intervention helped participants identify cycles of negative thinking that lead to their inactivity and thus perpetuated their pain. Specifically, CBT played an important role in helping patients to resume activities they had been…
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PTSD Symptoms Benefited by Early Intervention CBT

A recent meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Psychiatry found trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) delivered within a 3-month period of traumatic events to be effective in the treatment of trauma-induced stress symptoms for patients with PTSD or acute stress disorder. Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of "multiple-session trauma-focused psychological interventions to treat chronic PTSD," but little had been done to evaluate the efficacy of early interventions. The present…
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