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Tag: randomized control trial

Internet-based CBT for Depression

A 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial BACKGROUND: In this study we investigated whether an Internet-based computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) program can decrease the risk of DSM-IV-TR major depressive episodes (MDE) during a 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of Japanese workers. METHOD: Participants were recruited from one company and three departments of another company. Those participants who did not experience MDE in the past month were…
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CBT Helps Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Cope with Pain

OBJECTIVE: Two psychological interventions for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are cognitive-behavioral coping skills training (CST) and written emotional disclosure (WED). These approaches have developed independently, and their combination may be more effective than either one alone. Furthermore, most studies of each intervention have methodological limitations, and each needs further testing. METHOD: We randomized 264 adults with RA in a 2 × 2 factorial design to 1 of 2 writing conditions (WED…
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Concreteness Training Improves Depressive Symptoms of Dysphoric Individuals

A recent randomized control study in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology was performed to determine if increasing concreteness in the thinking of dysphoric individuals would affect depressive symptoms. Previous research had shown that a cognitive bias to process self-relevant information in an abstract and overgeneralized manner is related to the onset and maintenance of depression and depressive symptoms. Individuals with this cognitive bias have been labeled as dysphoric individuals. The current study examined…
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Repeat Suicide Attempts Reduced by CBT

A randomized control study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to be effective in reducing the number of repeat suicide attempts in adults. Past research had focused on intensive follow-up treatment or intensive case management, interpersonal psychotherapy, or cognitive behavioral therapy for the preventative treatment of suicide attempts, but empirical evidence for the efficacy of these therapies has been limited. The current study…
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