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Tag: Post-Traumatic Stress

Characteristics of U.S. Veterans Who Begin and Complete Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD

Abstract This retrospective chart-review study examined patient-level correlates of initiation and completion of evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among treatment-seeking U.S. veterans. We identified all patients (N = 796) in a large Veterans Affairs PTSD and anxiety clinic who attended at least 1 individual psychotherapy appointment with 1 of 8 providers trained in EBP. Within this group, 91 patients (11.4%) began EBP (either Cognitive Processing Therapy or…
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Effects of Psychotherapy on Trauma-related Cognitions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis

Abstract In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) incorporate trauma-related cognitions. This adaptation of the criteria has consequences for the treatment of PTSD. Until now, comprehensive information about the effect of psychotherapy on trauma-related cognitions has been lacking. Therefore, the goal of our meta-analysis was to determine which psychotherapy most effectively reduces trauma-related cognitions. Our literature search for…
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Telephone-based CBT Improves PTSD Symptoms among Returning Veterans

Objectives: Many service members do not seek care for mental health and addiction problems, often with serious consequences for them, their families, and their communities. This study tested the effectiveness of a brief, telephone-based, cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to improve treatment engagement among returning service members who screened positive for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: Service members who had served in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom who screened positive…
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Beliefs, Self-focus, and Behavior Related to PTSD

In a recent Beck Institute Workshop, Dr. Aaron Beck explains how negative beliefs, points of focus, and behavior play a role in the development of PTSD. He gives an example describing how one's focus can lead to either an activation of negative beliefs or to adjustment. Join us for our specialty workshop on CBT for PTSD. For more information visit our website.
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Dissemination of Evidence-Based Treatments for PTSD: Barriers and Accomplishments

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) presents as a significant public health challenge because of its pervasive effects on mental health, physical health, and psychosocial problems. A recent review published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, evaluates the effectiveness of prolonged exposure (PE) and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for individuals with PTSD. Although studies indicate that these treatments are efficacious for various populations, many individuals with PTSD do not receive evidence-based…
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Pretreatment Predictors of Dropout in War Veterans Receiving CBT for PTSD

Although research suggests that cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is rather efficacious in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, CBT also appears to be limited by high rates of treatment attrition. A recent retrospective study published in Psychological Services examined differences between war veterans (Iraq and Afghanistan) who completed treatment versus those who dropped out of treatment. Participants (N = 117) in the present study received outpatient CBT treatment…
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