For all disorders, the CBT therapist starts by educating clients about their diagnosis, helps them set goals, and socializes them to CBT by teaching them essential thinking and behavioral skills. In working with clients with schizophrenia, CBT therapists focus on the realistic hopes, dreams, aspirations and values that lie within the individual, the aspects of the person often hidden by this condition. Hallucinations and delusions are reflective of real concerns and beliefs that clients have about themselves, their world, and their future. Clients may refer to real challenges that they face, and resources that they do indeed lack. The content of the hallucinations and delusions need not affect their ability, however, to give love, receive love, make a contribution, and live life well. CBT therapists provide tools to help clients push through the negative symptoms, to help them discover meaning in valued activity. As with depression, action leads to motivation. CBT therapists work with their team of family members and professionals to enable greater activity and independence on their part.