In the U.S., psychologists and other mental health care providers practice whatever type of therapy they prefer. But in Germany, things are a little different. There's an emphasis on evidence-based therapy (therapy that has been demonstrated to be effective in clinical trials) - including Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Here's how Germany's handling mental health care. This info was provided to us by Dr. Michael Linden:
- Psychotherapies have to be licensed in Germany, similar to drugs. Required are at least three controlled clinical studies for a minimum of five different areas of mental health.
- A second board has to decide whether a certain form of psychotherapy is efficacious enough to be reimbursed.
- Cognitive behavior therapy has been licensed and is reimbursed by all insurance companies, i.e. private or social health insurance. Every person in Germany can get up to 80 sessions of CBT without direct costs.
- There are about 20,000 psychotherapists in outpatient care and approximately a similar number in institutions. About 40% are cognitive behavior therapists. They treat about 300,000 patients per year.
- There are about 75,000 to 100,000 inpatients per year who get cognitive behavior therapy.