Category: Military

Effects of Psychotherapy on Trauma-related Cognitions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis

Abstract In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) incorporate trauma-related cognitions. This adaptation of the criteria has consequences for the treatment of PTSD. Until now, comprehensive information about the effect of psychotherapy on trauma-related cognitions has been lacking. Therefore, the goal of our meta-analysis was to determine which psychotherapy most effectively reduces trauma-related cognitions. Our literature search for…

Core Beliefs and Assumptions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Example

[caption id="attachment_15089" align="alignleft" width="222"] Norman Cotterell, Ph.D.  Clinical Coordinator, Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy[/caption] Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) refers to a problematic and prolonged response to traumatic events. Ehlers and Clark (2000) note its puzzling nature, identified by both inattention and hyper-arousal, by memories that won't go away and others that cannot be found, and by both recklessness and an excessive desire for safety. Rothbaum (2006) describes it as a failure of…

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy

This study aimed to gain an understanding of the aspects of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Trauma-Focused-CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that service-users find important in contributing to their improvement. Nine people (5 females and 4 males, mean age 53 years old who had received on average 12 sessions of Trauma-Focused-CBT) who reported a significant reduction in their symptoms following treatment of PTSD took part in semi-structured interviews. Interpretative phenomenological…

Guest Blogger Dr. Judith Beck: Helplessness

I recently presented a Master’s Clinician Class at the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. My topic was cognitive conceptualization of personality disorders. I asked for a volunteer to describe a case so as a group, we could conceptualize the client, using the Cognitive Conceptualization Diagram (Beck, 2005). I have changed certain details to protect the client but his difficulties are fairly typical of someone with avoidant personality disorder. Joe…

A Randomized Pilot Study of CBT Anger Treatment for Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

OBJECTIVE: Anger and aggression are serious problems for a significant proportion of veterans who have served in combat. While prior research has suggested that cognitive behavioral treatments may be effective for anger problems, there are few controlled studies of anger treatment in veterans and no studies of anger treatment focusing exclusively on veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. This randomized pilot study compared an adapted cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI)…

CBT improves Memory of Veterans Suffering from PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by hyperarousal, flashbacks, avoidance, and memory dysfunctions. Although psychotherapy improves the clinical symptoms, its effect on memory has not been explored. In addition, there is no information about gene expression changes related to hippocampal functions. We assessed PTSD patients (n = 20) using the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) and a paired associates learning (PAL) test, as well as changes in blood FK506 binding protein…