Join us in celebrating our 25th anniversary

Trauma Treatment: Evidence-Based Approaches versus Intuituve Approaches

The negative outcomes of past intuitive treatment reinforced one of the most common and fundamental beliefs of PTSD: “I am incompetent.” The woman perceived through past experiences in and out of therapy that something within her was so broken that she was beyond help, leading to a cycle of hopelessness, suicidality, and treatment avoidance.

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Behavioral Activation Tip

Depressed clients often isolate themselves from others and withdraw from life. To counter the isolation and withdrawal common to depression, therapists can introduce behavioral activation. This strategy entails getting clients more active and involved in life by scheduling activities that have the potential to improve their mood.

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PTSD as a Survival Mechanism

PTSD as a Survival Mechanism by Norman Cotterell, PhD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), as defined in the DSM-V, is characterized by 5 symptoms. The last four must last longer than a month and cause significant distress: Exposure to trauma: death or threat of death or injury.Intrusive symptoms: memories, flashbacks, psychological distress, physical distress.Avoidance: trying not to think about the trauma, avoiding places that remind you of it.Negative alterations in thought and mood: amnesia, negative beliefs,…
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An Introduction to the Suicide Mode

CBT for Suicide Prevention By Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, PhD In 1996, Aaron Beck proposed the concept of “modes” to describe the “synchronous interactions” among the cognitive, affective, physiological, motivational, and behavioral systems of personality. To understand the construct of the suicide mode, consider the case of Richard, a 25-year-old graduate student with recurrent depression. Richard discovers shortly after the New Year that he has failed his comprehensive exams. The example below illustrates…
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Seven Steps for Anger

CBT for Anger By Norman Cotterell, PhD Anger is built on expectations. We expect people to treat us fairly and they don’t.  We expect children to respect the wishes of their elders and they don’t. We expect the government to have our needs at heart and it doesn’t. Each time there is a gap between expectation and reality, anger is more than willing to fill in that gap.  Each time someone…
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