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Category: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Dissemination of Evidence-Based Treatments for PTSD: Barriers and Accomplishments

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) presents as a significant public health challenge because of its pervasive effects on mental health, physical health, and psychosocial problems. A recent review published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, evaluates the effectiveness of prolonged exposure (PE) and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for individuals with PTSD. Although studies indicate that these treatments are efficacious for various populations, many individuals with PTSD do not receive evidence-based…
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Pretreatment Predictors of Dropout in War Veterans Receiving CBT for PTSD

Although research suggests that cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is rather efficacious in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, CBT also appears to be limited by high rates of treatment attrition. A recent retrospective study published in Psychological Services examined differences between war veterans (Iraq and Afghanistan) who completed treatment versus those who dropped out of treatment. Participants (N = 117) in the present study received outpatient CBT treatment…
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Evidence-Based Treatment Approaches for Troops with PTSD

Nearly 20% of the 2.6 million troops deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq report symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is associated with hyperarousal, avoidance, and disturbing or reoccurring flashbacks, all of which affect mental and physical health. The Department of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) have recommend four treatment approaches for PTSD: Prolonged Exposure (PE) Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), Stress Inoculation Therapy (SIT), and Eye-Movement Desensitization and…
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CBT Helps Prevent Soldiers from Developing Symptoms of PTSD

Research indicates that 4.3% of troops develop PTSD upon returning from combat. A recent epidemiological study published by the Digital Access to Scholarship At Harvard describes a program launched by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) in an effort to reduce the risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in post-war veterans. This initiative ensures that all combat veterans, regardless of occupational rank, will receive evidence-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) upon…
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CPT is Effective for Military-Related PTSD

According to a recent study published in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders, cognitive processing therapy (CPT) may have a greater effect on military-related PTSD than other usual treatments. CPT is a form of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) that focuses on key themes such as safety, control, power, self-esteem, and intimacy. The present study examines the efficacy of CPT for PTSD among treatment seeking veterans (n=59) within a naturalistic setting…
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CBT for Childhood Trauma

In this video from Beck Institute's recent CBT Workshop for Students and Faculty, Dr. Aaron Beck summarizes the process of treating patients who have experienced childhood trauma. Analyzing childhood experiences is an integral part of developing cognitive formulations of many individual patients, especially those with Axis II disorders. Sharing this formulation with patients often helps them to modify their maladaptive beliefs about themselves. In some cases, it is necessary for…
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