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Category: Bipolar Disorder

Seven Steps for Anger

CBT for Anger By Norman Cotterell, PhD Anger is built on expectations. We expect people to treat us fairly and they don’t.  We expect children to respect the wishes of their elders and they don’t. We expect the government to have our needs at heart and it doesn’t. Each time there is a gap between expectation and reality, anger is more than willing to fill in that gap.  Each time someone…

Use of CBT for Severe Mood Disorders in “Real World” Settings

The current study examined the effectiveness of brief cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for severe mood disorders in an acute naturalistic setting. The sample included 951 individuals with either major depressive disorder (n = 857) or bipolar disorder with depressed mood (n = 94). Participants completed a battery of self-report measures assessing depression, overall well-being, and a range of secondary outcomes both before and after treatment. We found significant reductions in…

Child- and Family-Focused CBT for Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that family-based psychosocial treatments are effective adjuncts to pharmacotherapy among adults and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD). The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of adjunctive child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CFF-CBT) to psychotherapy as usual (control) for mood symptom severity and global functioning in children with BD. METHOD: Sixty-nine youth, aged 7 to 13 years (mean = 9.19, SD = 1.61)…

Mental Imagery in Bipolar Affective Disorder versus Unipolar Depression during Times of ‘Positive’ Mood

OBJECTIVE: Compared to unipolar depression (UD), depressed mood in bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with amplified negative mental imagery of the future ('flashforwards'). However, imagery characteristics during positive mood remain poorly explored. We hypothesise first, that unlike UD patients, the most significant positive images of BD patients will be 'flashforwards' (rather than past memories). Second, that BD patients will experience more frequent (and more 'powerful') positive imagery as compared…

CBT Improves Memory Functioning in Patients with Bipolar I Disorder

According to a recent study published in the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) improves explicit memory recall and reduces explicit memory bias for negative words in patients with bipolar type I disorder.  Both mania and depression are associated with impaired memory.  In tests in which participants learn words and are then asked to recall them, bipolar patients, both manic and depressive, have been shown…

Combined Therapy is Effective for Patients with Refractory Bipolar Disorder in the Long-Term

According to a recent study published in European Psychiatry, a combined treatment, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), psycho-education, and pharmacology results in greater long-term efficacy in patients with refractory bipolar disorder than standard pharmacological treatment. The current study is a 5-year follow-up to a previous trial which examined the differences in efficacy for patients (n=40) with treatment resistant bipolar disorder who were randomly assigned to an experimental group that used…