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Month: June 2015

Effects of Psychotherapy on Trauma-related Cognitions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis

Abstract In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) incorporate trauma-related cognitions. This adaptation of the criteria has consequences for the treatment of PTSD. Until now, comprehensive information about the effect of psychotherapy on trauma-related cognitions has been lacking. Therefore, the goal of our meta-analysis was to determine which psychotherapy most effectively reduces trauma-related cognitions. Our literature search for…
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Disrupting The Downward Spiral of Chronic Pain and Opioid Addiction With Mindfulness-oriented Recovery Enhancement: A Review of Clinical Outcomes and Neurocognitive Targets

Abstract Prescription opioid misuse and addiction among chronic pain patients are problems of growing medical and social significance. Chronic pain patients often require intervention to improve their well-being and functioning, and yet, the most commonly available form of pharmacotherapy for chronic pain is centered on opioid analgesics--drugs that have high abuse liability. Consequently, health care and legal systems are often stymied in their attempts to intervene with individuals who suffer…
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Workshop Participant Spotlight – Dr. Ignacio Etchebarne

Dr. Etchebarne works as a clinical psychologist treating adults with anxiety and performs psychotherapy research. He is currently developing a research program in Argentina about CBT for Personal Growth. He was so excited to (finally) come to Beck Institute after completing supervision and consultation with multiple Beck Institute staff. He combined this training, Teaching and Supervising CBT, with his presentation next week at the Society for Psychotherapy Research conference at…
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Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms (hot flushes and night sweats): Moderators and Mediators of Treatment Effects

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) has been found in recent randomized controlled trials (MENOS1 and MENOS2) to reduce the impact of hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS). In the MENOS2 trial, group CBT was found to be as effective as self-help CBT in reducing the impact of HFNS. This study investigates for whom and how CBT works for women in the MENOS2 trial. METHODS: This study performed a secondary analysis…
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Core Beliefs and Assumptions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Example

[caption id="attachment_15089" align="alignleft" width="222"] Norman Cotterell, Ph.D.  Clinical Coordinator, Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy[/caption] Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) refers to a problematic and prolonged response to traumatic events. Ehlers and Clark (2000) note its puzzling nature, identified by both inattention and hyper-arousal, by memories that won't go away and others that cannot be found, and by both recklessness and an excessive desire for safety. Rothbaum (2006) describes it as a failure of…
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Resting-state connectivity predictors of response to psychotherapy in major depressive disorder.

Abstract Despite the heterogeneous symptom presentation and complex etiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), functional neuroimaging studies have shown with remarkable consistency that dysfunction in mesocorticolimbic brain systems are central to the disorder. Relatively less research has focused on the identification of biological markers of response to antidepressant treatment that would serve to improve the personalized delivery of empirically supported antidepressant interventions. In the present study, we investigated whether resting-state…
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