Combination of CBT and Exercise May Ease Fibromyalgia

newstudy-graphic-66x60.jpgA new study conducted by researchers at Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center in the Netherlands tested the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) combined with exercise to treat fibromyalgia. This syndrome, that affects about 5 million adults in the U.S., causes widespread aches and pains, specific “tender points”, fatigue, and sleep problems. Though the cause of Fibromyalgia is unknown and it is difficult to treat, research has proven combinations of treatments more effective than a single treatment alone. Types of treatments for this syndrome include painkillers, antidepressants, CBT, and exercise therapy.

The study participants were “high-risk” fibromyalgia patients, those whose symptoms were judged to cause significant distress. First the participants were divided into two groups, based on how they handled their pain–those who avoided activities they feared would increase their pain and those who maintained their usual activities despite their pain. Both groups were then further divided into two randomly assigned groups–one group underwent 16 sessions of CBT-plus-exercise therapy and the other were placed on a wait-list for treatment. The CBT was specifically tailored as follows: For the patients who avoided activities, the CBT focused on dealing with the fear of pain and setting goals for increasing their daily activity. For the patients who maintained their activities, the CBT focused on setting more realistic goals and pacing daily activity to avoid overdoing it. After each CBT session, all of the patients had an exercise session with a physical therapist.

Immediately following the treatment period, and six months later, both the avoidant and the overactive therapy groups were faring better than those on the wait-list. After six months, 2/3 of the patients in the therapy groups had experienced noticeable changes in their daily lives, as compared to 1/3 of the wait-list patients. These improvements were in measures of physical well-being, such as pain, fatigue, and disability. They manifested themselves in the patients’ comparative ease in walking, climbing stairs, and doing household chores. Additionally, 62% of patients in the therapy groups experienced improvements in anxiety or depression symptoms, compared to 33% of patients on the wait-list.

Aaron T. Beck Receives the 11th Annual Bell of Hope Award

On Thursday, May 13, 2010, the Mental Health Association of Southeastern Pennsylvania presented Dr. Aaron T. Beck with the 11th Annual Bell of Hope Award. This lifetime achievement award was given to Dr. Beck for his significant contributions to improving the lives of individuals in recovery from behavioral health challenges.

The Mental Health Association of Southeastern Pennsylvania aims to promote the recovery and resilience of those struggling with behavioral health problems through education, advocacy, and support.

Pictured from left to right, Arthur C. Evans, Jr., Ph.D., Director, Department of Behavioral Health and Mental Retardation Services, Philadelphia; Aaron T. Beck, M.D.; William S. Dinwiddie, CEO, Mental Health Association of Southeastern Pennsylvania.

ATB_MHASP

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Workshop for Professionals at Beck Institute: June 6 – 8, 2010

Dr. Aaron T. Beck discusses a case with trainees.

Dr. Aaron T. Beck discusses a case with trainees.

June 2010: Psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, professors, nurse practitioners, and other professionals from mental health, medical, and related fields traveled from 17 states and 9 countries, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Hong Kong, Japan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, and Thailand. Pictured above-left, Aaron T. Beck, M.D. answers questions after conducting a live patient session that was viewed (via closed-circuit television) by participants in the Cognitive Behavior Therapy workshop at Beck Institute.

Maidenberg and Beck

(Right) Judith S. Beck, Ph.D., conducts a roleplay with trainee Michelle Maidenberg, Ph.D., MPH, LCSW-R, CGP, a Clinical Director based in New York.

Participants received professional training in Cognitive Behavior Therapy from Aaron T. Beck, M.D., Judith S. Beck, Ph.D., Leslie Sokol, Ph.D., and Norman Cotterell, Ph.D. Trainees participated in seminars and case discussions, reviewed videos of therapy sessions, observed demonstration roleplays and participated in other experiential activities.

More event highlights:

June 8, 2010 - Group PhotoJudith S. Beck, Ph.D.2Aaron T. Beck, M.D. and Leslie Sokol, Ph.D.Leslie Sokol, Ph.D.Norman Cotterell, Ph.D.2Judith S. Beck, Ph.D.