What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a common chronic condition that causes widespread pain, sleep difficulties, fatigue, and often psychological distress. People with fibromyalgia often have other symptoms including increased stiffness and pain upon awakening, tingling or numbness in hands and feet, headache pain, migraines, and cognitive problems with thinking and memory (sometimes called “fibro fog”).
How common is fibromyalgia?
It is estimated that fibromyalgia affects 10 million people in the United States. Prevalence is higher among women than men. Most people are diagnosed during middle age and prevalence increases with age.
What is CBT treatment for fibromyalgia like?
For all disorders, the CBT therapist starts by educating clients about their diagnosis and about CBT, helps clients set goals, and teaches clients essential thinking and behavioral skills. When working with clients with fibromyalgia, the CBT therapists not only puts special emphasis on identifying and modifying maladaptive behaviors that have a role in maintaining pain or low mood, but also works on identifying and increasing adaptive behaviors. Individuals are also helped to identify and correct maladaptive thoughts and beliefs, and increase self-efficacy for managing fibromyalgia pain. Additionally, many individuals with fibromyalgia have depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders, and CBT is also used to treat these conditions.